Purchasing a home is probably the biggest investment you will ever make. Before closing on the house, you will want to know that no individual or entity has a lien or claim to the property.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title insurance company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company performs an extensive search on the property's title history. The title insurance company can almost always identify any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up before you close on the property.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complicated. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title insurance company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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