About the FICO Credit Score
Since our society is so automated, you're probably not surprised to hear that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most people who want to get a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your credit score greatly affects your interest rate
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
Is it possible to raise your credit score? So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is built on your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. You must remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Know your FICO score
In order to raise your score, you must have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call at 703.255-5810.